Affording college tuition when a divorce is involved
A primary question for parents preparing to send their children to college is how you will afford and pay for your child’s education? This question can be even more stressful for divorced individuals or those with non-traditional family structures, as the requirement to contribute financially may be determined by the court and defined in a legally binding agreement.
Indiana family law requires that college costs be addressed in divorce decrees or in modifications to existing decrees. The manner in which each parent contributes depends on a number of factors – primarily the income of each party.
Recent amendments to Indiana statutes lowered the age of emancipation from twenty-one to nineteen (in most circumstances). When a child is emancipated, he is a legal adult for child support purposes. Generally, this means that the child support obligation terminates when the child turns nineteen.
If you were divorced before July 1, 2012, the spouse paying child support may have been compelled to pay until the child reached twenty-one. Consult your court order or settlement agreement as the exact language differs across courts and jurisdictions. If the document reads, “Father to pay child support until Child turns twenty-one or is emancipated,” Father may not be obligated to continue making support payments past the child’s nineteenth birthday. However, if the document reads, “Father to pay child support until Child turns twenty-one,” Father may be obligated to continue paying until the child reaches said age.
If you finalized a divorce after July 1, 2012, the new emancipation age may already be incorporated into your agreement or court order. Review your documents to be sure of the exact provisions. When the child turns nineteen, the parent paying support should file a petition for emancipation and once it is approved, the court will terminate the duty to continue making payments. Please note that the obligations to pay child support and to financially contribute towards college costs are two different requirements.
If you are divorced and there is no provision in your divorce documents for college expenses, you must address the issues well before the child turns nineteen or you waive your right to do so. If your child is a junior in high school or seventeen years old and is considering a college education, now is the time to:
Assess your financial circumstances;
Consider whether any part of your divorce decree regarding college expenses should be modified; and
Seek an attorney in whom you have trust and confidence to assist with these issues as failure to do so could preclude your child from affording college.
Information provided by Church, Church, Hittle & Antrim, attorneys headquartered in Noblesville. For more information on the firm, check out their website.